Hmm... ok, time to get back to audio basics.
The VideoMicPro is a shotgun-style microphone. What this means is that it picks up sound straight in front of it very well, and rejects sound to the sides, meaning it's very "directional" -- think of it like a spotlight but for sound. You point it at the person talking, and it converts the sound waves to electrical waves, which shoots out of its output.
From there, you plug the VMP into your juicedlink box. This box is sort of like an amplifier. It gives you a "gain" knob that you can use to turn up or turn down the volume of your mic signal. From there, the signal goes to your headphone jack AND to an output cable that you run to your 7D's "Mic IN" or "line in" or whatever-it's-labeled jack. This way, you are using the camera to record the sounds that the VMP picks up. The Juickedlink box also has a "AGC Kill" mode which lets you override the 7D's "auto gain control." If you listen to the video you record with the on-board, do you notice how when a loud sound happens it gets quieter, and then when it's quiet it turns louder again, all by itself? That is Auto Gain Control trying to make everything the same volume. If the AGC system was instantaneous, then it might work, however it has a significant delay which is what makes it sound so weird. The Juicedlink box has a mode that sends a constant-volume tone through one channel so that the AGC sensor thinks it's always at the same volume, meaning the AGC doesn't fluctuate the volume at all, giving the control of the volume to you. The juicedlink box also gives you a place to plug your headphones into, since the 7D does not have an audio out.
Plugging it all in would take all of 10 seconds after you do it the first time and get it figured out.
The "invisible mics on interviewees" are called Lavalier, or clip-on, or "lav" mics. They would sound better than the shotgun because they are closer to the subject, but they are also quite a bit more expensive. Also, affixing a lav mic in such a way that it is not seen on camera can be somewhat tricky, and hiding the mic underneath clothes will degrade the sound quality. The shotgun mic like the VMP will get you a decent result quickly; the lav will get you a great result slowly.