I am pretty new to photography and i got really fascinated of this new hobby.
I do spend an hour a day reading articles, books etc. But still there are
some questions that i would like to ask. So let's start.
1) We talk about shutter. On a film camera i can understand how a shutter looks like.
What happens with a DSLR ? Is the shutter exactly the same or the shutter is just
electronic by turning the sensor on/off ? When i flip up the mirror (from my settings)
i do not see any shutter "blocking" the sensor.
2) How to prevent my camera from the sun when shooting against the sun? I read
or cases when the shutter was burned or the camera was damaged from the sun flaire.
Is there any trick with that or just a risk when i try to create black silhuettes on
a bright sun or even shooting sunsets?
3) Should i avoid using often the live view , especially during day time ? I came with this question as the sensor is always exposed.
4) Shutter speed vs EV . Is there any real difference? Suppose i shoot on shutter priority, or even manual mode. Would it make any difference stopping down the shutter speed or
reducing the exposure? Why can EV be helpful when we can do with shutter speed settings
the same things.
5) Metering mode vs Locking exposure. When shooting for example on a person with a bright
background, it would be preferable to use spot metering and focus on the person and
let the camera do the job for us. But what happens if i would lock the exposure on the bright area and then shoot while focusing on the person. Would i have the same results?
Is my second approach wrong ?
6) Hyperfocal distance. Well here... I did read several things but i am sort of confused. From what i understood, manual focusing is the way to go. So lets assume we have the following scenario.
We talk about landscape photography. Untill now, i was shooting focusing straight
on the mountain which could be miles away. Apparently this is wrong. So let
asume that i use a focal length 20mm, and an aperture f16. From the online
a) i should focus on an object that is 4.38 feet away, like the rock shown on the image ?
b) i focus normaly on the mountain and set on my lens ring at 4 feet ?
c) After what distance should i consider using the hyper focal distance ? If we talk about objects that are 10 ? 20 ? 100 meters away ?
d) Also some times when shooting landscapes, there are not many things to close focus at with the center focus point. Should i use another focus point , lower, left,right focus
point in order to focus on an object that is on that 4.38 feet distance ?
I got a bit confused with this, if i should really focus on a closer object, or i should
just set my lens on the distance that is displayed on the ring.
7) When shooting raw, its better to over expose pictures and correct them with PP ?
Under exposre to get better contrast?
8) Comparing macro lens with zoom lens: Suppose i have a 300mm lens which can focus
from a 1 meter distance. Shooting with this lens will result to a bigger object printed
on my image compared to a 70mm that can focus from 20cm ? There is some confusion for me
when we talk about focal length that gets you closer to things through its strength,
and with the macro lenses that allow you to get really close.
9) Focusing. My lens ( Sigma 17-70) says that the minimum focus distance is 20cm. Is this focusing capability referred to the Auto Focus or generaly ? I was testing my lenses
macro capabilities and i could get really goog results when manual focusing from a 1.5-2cm distance.
a) Shooting landscapes, most of the times my skies look pretty washed out instead of
blue. Lets not consider the use of a polarizer filter (which i own). Is it possible
to get a decent nice sky colour with any sort of settings? If i underexpose to get
a nice sky, i lose a lot of details of the rest of the image.
b) Similar to the above question, what do you suggest when the sky is totaly cloydy
(clouds without shape or depth) making the sky appear in the image as a big white thing.
Thank you in advance