Edit...part of what made the ae-1 so great was the light meter. Exposure was always spot on. Cant say that about any of the eos cameras i have owned.
Regarding your first question... no, I don't think digital leads to good photography, though it offers some nice tools to achieve it. On the other hand, digital leads to a whole lot more bad shots being taken (and shared). There was some discipline involved in shooting film... knowing there was a cost to it... not getting immediate feedback on the LCD monitor of a DSLR.
Regarding Edit about exposure accuracy/light meter....
Sorry, but there is no frickin' way was the AE-1's meter more accurate than a modern EOS' metering system. I have hundreds of vintage SLRs (including several AE-1 and AE-1 Programs) and their metering systems are far simplistic, most only use a center-weighted mode (that modern EOS also offer, BTW, as one of four metering pattern modes on most models). A few film SLRs offered spot metering as an option. But those systems had far sloppier calibration, far less precision and were much more prone to need regular recalibration, compared to the modern DSLR.
Probably the difference was you.... I bet you were shooting color print film, which has gobs of exposure latitude... and the person making the prints in the 1 hour lab, or the printing device itself automatically make adjustments, producing an envelope full of correctly exposed looking prints, even from poorly exposed negatives. Many people never realized how poor their exposures were, because of this common process.
If you had shot slides or processed your own B&W film, you would see how those vintage metering systems could "lie to you" and how easily they were misused.
Or, if you did shoot slides and/or B&W negs, you must have been much more careful with your settings than you are today with your DSLR.
Plus, some EOS film cameras such as EOS-3 or 1V had (have) metering modes very similar to today's DSLR.
One thing that sucked about AE-1 was the horizontal travel shutter and it's 1/60 flash sync limit (many other manufacturers had moved past that type of shutter ten years earlier). Those may not have been an issue, unless doing panning shots dragging the shutter or a lot of flash photography. AE-1 was a very nice and fun camera. I preferred the AE-1 Program because in had everything the original AE-1, plus offered user-interchangeable focus screens and compatibility with Motor Drive MA for a higher frame rate (about 4.5 fps, if memory serves).