There's a reason these search engines are wealthy. Ads. People pay to advertise.
If you want to expedite your name, you need to push advertising. But, you don't need google searching so much, right? It doesn't help if someone in California finds you and you're in Chicago, right? Let alone Maine! You need to advertise locally, social media locally, and have a presence. Everyone and their uncle with a camera has a "photography" business waiting to be labeled that never goes anywhere. You're competing with people knowing you're for real and not just another would-be-start-up-parent-with-a-dSLR, right?
The successful professionals that I am around have to periodically do things to stir interest, such as mini-sessions advertisements to get things going, get stuff shot, get it on social media, sharing it around, and push sales and put out local ads, go to events and set up a booth and do mini-sessions, etc. The more you are shared around by all the local girls on their social media, the more likely you'll get some interest. Obviously depends on what services you offer and what you shoot (weddings vs e-sessions, etc).
I'm sure Chicago has a few thousand "photographers" and you're competing with all that to even get seen by a potential customer. Google search won't fix that. You need to be on their social media, shared by real people, and you need to be present at places where people see you and get to know you. Word of mouth is virtually every portrait and event photographer's #1 income, 2nd to a cooperation (rare) position. They don't sit at home and watch google to see if people are looking for them. They work every day, if they're not shooting images for a client, they're advertising and getting out there to get another client.