Autonomous wrote in post #12322630
so i have a project coming up, and i think i would need a decent audio equipment to pair it up with my 7D. what do i need? shot gun or lavalier?
i don't even know what these are, i just heard a lot of it lol.
i appreciate your time and your help for helping a fellow newbie
If you are shooting interviews then you might consider utilizing a standard interview microphone like the Electro-Voice RE-50 or the industry standard 635A/B, the B is preferred as it is matt-black and that reduces glare.
Both of those microphones have excellent clarity and a good dynamic range and both are Omni-directional which in an interview is desirable as in a stand-up interview it keeps the interviewer from having to wag the microphone back and forth between the interviewer and the person being interviewed as the question are being asked and answered, they both have excellent internal shock mounting which eliminates handling noise and they are dynamic which doesn’t require power and being dynamic they can take a real beating and still operate I have seen “talent” literally drop them to the ground after completing a report and then walk away with the most damage to the microphone being a slightly dented windscreen or a scuff in the finish. Also since they do not require power and utilize the industry standard male XLR versus a 3.5mm connector they are easily converted to a wireless microphone by plugging a mini-brick transmitter to the connector on the bottom.
This photograph is an example of a well worn EV RE-50 being used in an interview with a mini-brick wireless transmitter attached which is feeding the wireless receiver of the cam on the left.
The really nice thing about them is there are literally millions of them in the field as such they can be picked up used for a very good price, I have bought EV 635’s in good condition for as low as $35 in pawn shops.
If you are doing sit down interviews then you can take either of them and place them in a desk stand and you are good to go.
The next most common microphone for that type of work is the lavalier which is a small clip on microphone usually attached to the person being interviewed lapel or blouse, these microphones are a bit more pricy but provide a more intimate sound. They are a staple of the news and television broadcast business and in the studio are normally used in conjunction with an out of the cameras field of view shotgun microphone mounted to a boom pole.
The largest problem with a lav is wiring the person to be interviewed, the normal procedure with a person wearing a jacket is to clip the mike to the lapel on the jacket and then snake the cable below the arm and around the back where it will be connected to a XLR cable to the camera or mixer or to a wireless transmitter clipped to the rear of the pants or belt, without a jacket things get a bit more touchy as the cable will need to be snaked under the persons shirt which with guys is relatively simple you drop the XLR connector on the mike cord down the front of the shirt open a couple of lower buttons and move the connector to the side and then pull the shirt out of the pants and using your other hand from the rear reach in and around grabbing the connector to pull it out the back, then you tuck the shirt back into the pants and connect up.
With a female though it can be a bit more problematic more so if she has never been mic’ed as unbuttoning her blouse and pulling the back of her blouse out of her skirt and reaching in with your hands to grab the connector can produce a “what the hell do you think you are doing” moment and it is even worse when the female is endowed as the connector can get hung up in or on her bra requiring either her or the sound guy to reach down the front of her blouse and re-route the connector. Now I have wired hundreds of women and the pros will either wire themselves or just stand there reading their copy while you run one hand around and up from the back with the other hand sometimes going down the front the bra to guide the connector.
Now it would seem the simple solution when dealing with non-professionals would be to give them the lav and have them go to the men’s or ladies room and wire themselves but if you do sooner not later the person will come back with the lav and cord in one hand and the connector in the other commenting this thing came off of the cord and if you don’t have a spare lav on hand your pooch is screwed.
This photograph depicts a typical lav application with the microphone attached to the talents lapel and the cord being dropped under his jacket to the ground to a XLR cable leading back to a mixer.
This is with the talents jacket buttoned up.
Another example with the cord dropped on the talents right to the ground And last but not least is the shotgun which if camera mounted will work but is a compromise as it will not only pickup the person being interviewed but everything behind them and will not properly pick up both the person asking the questions and the person answering them unless wagged, the solution is to use a off camera boom pole in the hands of a sound guy who can keep the shotgun overhead and pointed down toward the people (if the surface below is not acoustically hard) or below and up if it is, the sound guy will also need a belt mounted amp or mixer and headphones to hear what he is doing to maximize the directivity of the shotgun and get the sweetest sound.
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In this photo the sound guy is doing double duty holding a reflector in his left hand providing a fill light and a shotgun on a short pole (not visable) with his right hand which is fed to his field mixer providing audio for his headphones and from there is wireless to a receiver on the camcorder, note the audio guy has the shotgun low aiming up as the surface below is acoustically hard. Wayne
Do what you love and you will love what you do, that applies to both work and life.